Skip to main content

When to use the prepositions By and With


By or With

BY 

We use "by" to show how or in what way something is done. 
  • I’ll send the message by email. 
  • The children go to school by bus. 
We use by + -ing form to describe how to achieve something. 
  • Switch on the machine by pressing this button. 
  • I improve my vocabulary by reading novels and literary works. 
When we use the passive voice, we use "by" to say who did something or what caused something. 
  • The roof was repaired by Charles. 
  • His skin condition was wrongly diagnosed by the doctor. 
By+reflexive pronoun means alone, without anyone else. 
  • Could you possibly help me? I can’t do it by myself. 
We use "by" to say that something happens in a way that is not planned or organized. 
  • He hit me with his hand by accident. 


WITH 

We use "with" to refer to the tool or object that we use to do something. 
  • Is it possible to eat rice with chopsticks? 
  • He broke the window with a rock. 
  • He hit me with his hand by accident. 
  • The roof was repaired by Charles with sealant and cement.
We use "with" to show what is used to achieve something. 
  • He set up a small business with the help of a bank loan.

By or With Quiz?

Popular posts from this blog

Mixed English Grammar Quiz

As or Like? Quiz

1. Steve looks nothing _____ his father. A) as B) like

Phrasal Verbs with GET - Quiz

  START THE QUIZ 1. He’s very good at _____ his ideas _____. A) getting …. across B) getting ….. at C) getting ... down 2. There's no time to waste! Let's _______ business. A) get through to B) get away from C) get down to 3. He still hasn't ______ the shock of her death. A) gotten on B) gotten over C) gotten to